Sāmarrā (Arabic: سامرّا), after Najaf, Karbala, and al-Kadhimiya is the fourth city for pilgrimage in Iraq. The city is located in Salah al-Din province between Tikrit and Baghdad.The city is famous because of the shrine of two Imams, Imam al-Hadi (a) and Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a). The last Imam was born in Samarra.
Presence of Two Shiite Imams (a)
In 233/847-48, al-Mutawakkil decided to take Imam al-Hadi (a) from Medina to Samarra, because he had received reports about people's tendencies towards the Imam (a). Al-Mutawakkil moved the Imam (a) from Medina to Baghdad and from there to Samarra. Imam al-Hadi (a) resided there for 20 years and 9 months until he was poisoned and martyred in the period of al-Mu'tazz and was buried there.
Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) was also taken to Samarra together with his father in 233/847-48 and lived there throughout his life. Imam al-'Askari (a) contracted a disease on Rabi' I 1, 260/December 29, 873 and died at the age of 28 in Samarra on Rabi' I 8/January 5, 874. He was buried in the house where his father was buried. According to al-Tabrisi (d. 548/1153-54): the majority of Shiite scholars believe that Imam al-'Askari (a) was poisoned.
Masjid al-Jami' (Congregational Mosque) of Samarra known as Jami' al-Mutawakkil, this mosque is one of the oldest in the Iraq which was built in the time of Mutiwakkil al-'Abbasi. Malwiya minaret in the northern side of Masjid al-Jami'. This minaret still exists and it can be seen from long distance. Mutawakkiliyya, which is a city that was built by al-Mutawakkil and its ruins nowadays is in the north of Samarra. Palaces which were built by Abbasid caliphs and today just some of their walls and pillars are remained.
Shrine of Imam al-Hadi (a) and Imam al-'Askari (a) is the most important place for pilgrimage in Samarra.
-Narjis Khatun, mother of Imam al-Mahdi (a) who is buried in the tomb behind Imam al-Hadi (a) and Imam al-'Askari (a)
-Hakima Khatun, daughter of Imam al-Hadi (a) and aunt of Imam al-'Askari (a) who is buried beside those two Imams.
-Husayn b. 'Ali al-Hadi , son of Imam al-Hadi (a) and brother of Imam al-'Askari (a)
-Samana or Samana al-Maghribiyya known as Um al-fadl , mother of Imam al-Hadi (a) who is buried next to his son.
-Susan, mother of Imam al-'Askari (a)
-Ibrahim Ashtar al-Nakha'i, son of Malik Ashtar is buried in the Dujayyal area near Samarra.
-Abu Hashim al-Ja'fari one of the Hadith transmitters of Shi'a
-Ibn Sakit Abu Yusuf Ya'qub b. Ishaq al-Ahwazi.
-Al-Najashi, Shi'a scholar of Rijal